Was Socrates Foolish not to Escape from Prison? Plato, in his dialogue Crito, presents Socrates’ response to his friends’ offer of assistance in escaping from imminent sentence of death imposed on him by the Athenian state. This essay will argue the thesis that Socrates was not “foolish” in his decision not to escape and save his life, but that this decision was the result of a well-argued philosophical position. This being said, an argument will be made that he should have escaped given the injustice of his sentence. Crito describes how Socrates is awoken in prison the day before his anticipated execution by his old friend Crito, who attempts to persuade Socrates to accept his assistance and escape from prison and into exile. Crito...The end:
.....nd its Laws. To use the military analogy again, this would be as if a soldier on duty is ordered, by his immediate superior, to commit an illegal act or a crime. While the soldier has a duty, given the “implied contract”, to obey the orders of his superior, he has a higher duty to the Laws of his country. Thus, in the case of Socrates, while he was clearly not “foolish” in deciding that he could not escape – as his arguments are both strong and well-argued – it may be argued that he should nonetheless have escaped as his ultimate duty was to the Laws of Athens instead of to the men who sentenced him. Bibliography Plato. Crito. In Christopher Biffle, ed., A Guided Tour of Five Works by Plato Third Edition. Toronto: Mayfield Publishing, 2001.