Vertebrate and Cellular Structures Arjun Appadurai refers to vertebrate and cellular structures as defining two different types of sociopolitical systems. The descriptions of these systems is conducted with organic analogies not unlike that heralded by Herbert Spencer centuries earlier. Appadurai (2006) argued that "the modern system of nation-states is the most marked case of a vertebrate structure, for though nations thrive on their stories of difference and singularity, the system of nation-states works only because of its underlying assumption of an international order, guaranteed by a variety of norms, not least the norms of war itself" (p. 25). To clarify further, with deference to the analogy itself, an organization like the United...The end:
.....mogenous, cellular world, corporations can operate with more streamlined business plans and models as they do not have to account for as many variables as they would in a vertebrate world. I believe that vertebrate structures are going to become a vestige of historical analysis in the near future. The cellular nature of modern existence implies that we have not even truly seen the limit to how interconnected everything is going to become. Vertebrate systems helped to build the framework upon which the skin of cellular systems has been laid. Cellular systems are thus the future, while vertebrate systems are the past. References Appadurai, A. (2006). Fear of Small Numbers: An Essay on the Geography of Anger. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.