US Foreign Policy Toward Guatemala, 1991-2010 In 1954 the United States engineered a coup in Guatemala to remove democratically elected leader Jacabo Arbenz Guzman. In 1999, former inspector-general of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Fred Hitz (as quoted in White, 1999, p. 12) in an interview with the New York Times said that for the CIA and American policy-makers the coup “started something and [they] didn’t know how to get off the train.” As Hitz’s statement attests, this decision set in motion a descent into the chaos the military’s authoritarian rule, culminating in a genocidal scorched earth campaign in 1981, appropriately called La Violencia. Estimates of the dead stand between 100,000 to 150,000. US involvement in bringing to...The end:
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