Theoretical Perspectives on Freud’s and Skinner’s Theories

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Essay #: 056552
Total text length is 8,271 characters (approximately 5.7 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
Theoretical Perspectives on Freud's and Skinner's Theories
Developmental psychology is a diverse field in which a number of theoretical perspectives. These theories perspectives are often expressed in dualistic terms. For example, one of the most important theoretical perspectives is known as nature vs. nurture debate. This theoretical debate concerns whether human development is primarily the result of nature(biological forces) or nurture(environmental forces)(Shaffer et al 2010: 41). That debate like most of the debates within the theoretical perspectives use polar opposite concepts on a spectrum. No researcher argues strictly for one pole or the other. Instead they tend to take positions closer to the centre of the spectrum
favouring...
The end:
.....
are dependent on the
behaviours
they display and the consequences of these
behaviours
. They are active because they ultimately decide to which
behaviours
they will display based on the consequences.
In conclusion, there are many theories about psychological development. Freud’s theory placed more emphasis on nature, unidirectional development, continuous development and children as passive organisms. Skinner on the other hand argues for nurture, transactional development, discontinuous development and children as active agents in their development.
Bibliography
Shaffer, David R.,
Kipp
, Katherine, Wood, Eileen and Willoughby,
Teena
(2010), Development Psychology Childhood and Adolescence, Third Canadian Edition, Nelson Education,
Toronto.