The Work of Elizabeth Loftus: Memory and Police Officers Questioning Witnesses

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Essay #: 063046
Total text length is 7,671 characters (approximately 5.3 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
The Work of Elizabeth Loftus: Memory and Police Officers Questioning Witnesses
Interviewing witnesses in the aftermath of a crime is a terribly difficult situation because people are often upset, uncertain about facts, and may have a need to lie about what they saw or did. The work of Elizabeth Loftus is unusual in that it shows the suggestibility of the human mind and reflects why it is vitally important that police officers never try to engage in the asking of “leading” questions or never try to insinuate certain things so that uncertain witnesses begin to believe a narrative given to them by the police that may, in fact, not be congruent with the truth. In the end, police officers must keep their questions as straight-forward and as...
The end:
..... where people are layering the evidence they are given onto a pre-existing schema that makes incorrect evidence appear plausible. If we want to avoid people being harmed or families being destroyed, then we need to look carefully at what sort of policy procedures are being used to elicit testimony from witnesses to possible crimes.
Works Cited
Loftus, E.F. (1997). Creating False Memories. Scientific American, 277(3): 70-75.
Loftus, E.F. (2001). Imagining the Past. The Psychologist, 14: 584-587.
Loftus, E.F. & Ketchum, K.(1994). The Myth of Repressed Memory: False Memories and Allegations of Sexual Abuse. New York: St.Martin’s Press
Loftus, E.F. & Pickrell, J.E. (1995) The formation of false memories. Psychiatric Annals, 25, 720-725.