The Western Conception of Progress Piotr Sztompka, writing on the demise of the traditional western conception of progress, offers that “Reigning in social thought for almost three thousand years, the idea of progress seems to have declined in the twentieth century” (33). He further contends that this demise is resultant of the “Nazi Holocaust and Stalin’s Gulags, two world wars, well over 100 million killed in global and local conflicts, widespread unemployment and poverty, famines and epidemics, drug addiction and crime ...” (Sztompka 33). Although Sztompka is only offering a summary, there is still a fundamental failure in it: that is, he becomes too content with generalizations – with accepted and unexamined statements and facts....The end:
..... many unknowns to proceed otherwise. Sztompka’s text is useful, in that, it allows for an overview of the field of sociology. However, Sztompka must be used as only a beginning – there is much else to be discovered. Works Cited Cambell , James. “Interpreting the War.” The Literature of the First World War. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2005: 261-79. Chomsky, Noam. World Orders Old and New. New York: Columbia UP, 1996. Durkheim, Emile. The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2001. Fussell, Paul. The Great War and Modern Memory. New York: Oxford UP, 2000. Sherry, Vincent. “Introduction.” The Literature of the First World War. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2005: 1-14. Sztompka, Piotr . The Sociology of Change. Oxford: Blackwell, 1993.