The Phenomenon of Thermohaline Circulation

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Essay #: 057545
Total text length is 5,229 characters (approximately 3.6 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
The Phenomenon of Thermohaline Circulation
Pinet defines the phenomenon of thermohaline circulation as follows:
Deep water [is] in motion at all depths as well. These subsurface currents, collectively referred to as thermohaline circulation, arise from density differences between water masses produced by variations in water temperature (thermal effect) and salinity (haline effect) (210).
It is clear from this definition, and from the structure of the word itself, that there are two major processes that contribute to thermohaline circulation, namely water temperature variation and salinity. Of course, the question then becomes: what is it that determines water temperature variation and salinity? The answer to this question can help us...
The end:
.....understanding of thermohaline circulation, the existence of so many variables, and their ability to interact with each other in chaotic ways, precludes us from ever exerting profound insight into the character and future of thermohaline circulation.
References
Malanotte-Rizzoli, Paola and Robinson, Allan R. Ocean Processes in Climate Dynamics. New York: Springer, 1994.
Pickard, George L. and Emery, William J. Descriptive Physical Oceanography: An Introduction. New York: Elsevier, 1990.
Pinet, Paul R. Invitation to Oceanography. New York: Jones & Bartlett, 2008.
Randall, David A. General Circulation Model Development. New York: Academic Press, 2000.
Trenberth, Kevin E. Climate System Modeling. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.