The Nature of Responsibility

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Essay #: 068045
Total text length is 9,406 characters (approximately 6.5 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
The Nature of Responsibility
The issue of responsibility is one of the fundamental questions of philosophy. It is so important because it ultimately relates to questions of free-will. In fact it can be argued that the two phenomena are intimately connected. Free-will is a precondition of moral responsibility. Without free-will it is impossible to be morally responsible because there is no choice in what we do.
In “The Impossibility of Moral Responsibility” Galen
Strawson
argues uses two basic arguments to prove that people are ultimately not morally responsible. Both arguments relate to the concept of
causa
sui
. The first argument is that nothing can be
causa
sui
. In other words nothings can be the cause of itself so everything has to...
The end:
.....e other hand seems to suggest that in most cases we are morally responsible. The insane offer a case in which the individual is not morally responsible. Using the deep-self theory wolf suggests that insanity arises internal sources. However, it must be realized for these internal conditions arise from conditions that exist before the individual. In this way the arguments of
Strawson
and Wolf can be reconciled without disproving either argument.
Works Cited
Strawson
, Galen, “The Impossibility of Moral Responsibility” in
Free Will, Gary Watson(ed), 2nd Edition, Oxford University
Press, 2010: 212-228.
Wolf, Susan, “Sanity and the Metaphysics of Responsibility” in
Free Will, Gary Watson(ed), 2nd Edition, Oxford University
Press, 2010: 372-387.