The Mirage of the Market Solution Possible Effects of School Voucher Systems in Very Low Income Communities Introduction Ain't No Makin' It by Jay McLeod (1987, revised and expanded 1995 and 2008) studied two groups of youths in the Clarendon Heights public housing project. One of these, the Hallway Hangars, was mostly white, and did not believe that anything they could do would improve their position. The other, the Brothers, was black, and its members assumed that hard work would pay off in the future. McLeod tried to demonstrate that the most important determinant of his subjects' futures, in other words, would be their class origin and the context it provided for them. A 2008 follow-up in the third edition of Ain't No Makin' It...The end:
.....Academic Achievement: A Critique of Advocacy Research.” Brigham Young University Law Review 2008.2 (2008): 447-485. EBSCO Academic Search Premier database. 26 Sept. 2010. MacLeod, Jay. Ain't No Making It: Aspiration & Attainment in a Low-Income Neighborhood. 3d ed., expanded. Philadelphia: Westview Press, 2009. Mac Iver, Martha Abele. “Seeking Justice in Educational Opportunity: An Analysis of the Evidence on School Vouchers and Children.” Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk 5.4 (Oct. 2000): 397-412. EBSCO Academic Search Premier database. 26 Sept. 2010. McEwan, Patrick J. “The Potential Impact of Vouchers.” Peabody Journal of Education 79.3 (2004): 57-80. Accessed from EBSCO Academic Search Premier database. 26 Sept. 2010.