The Late Victorian Office Space and Urban Society Introduction The ways in which we have organized ourselves and the space in which we operate in the modern office are both largely tied to the social context of work which developed during the late Victorian age. With a shift in the class structure in Europe and the broadening of the service sector and industrial organization both there and in North America, office space began to be affected by the structure of capitalism and its tenets. This essay serves to explore the spatiality of capitalism and how space makes a difference to the ways in which social life plays out under capitalismin the Victorian office and urban society. The historical context of the office work space Prior to the...The end:
....., Space, and Labor Geography." International Labor and Working-Class History 64 (2003): 112-138. Morus, I. "'The Nervous System of Britain': Space, Time and the Electric Telegraph in the Victorian Age." The British Journal for the History of Science 33.4 (2000): 455-475. Nenadic, S. "Businessmen, the Urban Middle Classes, and the 'Dominance' of Manufacturers in Nineteenth- Century Britain." The Economic History Review 44.1 (1991): 66-85. Nolan, M. "Making Clerks and Re-shaping the White-Collar Workforce in the Twentieth Century." Labour History 63 (1992): 65-82. Rubinstein, W. D. "The Victorian Middle Classes: Wealth, Occupation, and Geography." The Economic History Review 30.4 (1977): 602-623. Said, E. Orientalism. New York: Vintage, 1979.