The Impact of Changing Capability and Performance Requirements 20th Century Civilian Aircraft Design Introduction At the beginning of the 20th century, aircraft travel was barely a technological possibility. By the end of the 20th century, aircraft travel had become a form of mass transportation unparalleled in its ability to make the world smaller. This paper will examine how, over the course of the past century, the wings of civilian aircraft design were impacted by the need for greater fuel economy and evolved according to related design principles. The Evolution of Wing Design The very first challenge of commercial aviation in the 20th century were simply to get planes off the ground. There are, to be sure, many design elements that...The end:
.....id and Eberhardt , Scott. Understanding Flight. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2010. Anonymous. “Flyer I.” Retrieved from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/80/WrightFlyerSmithsonianMay1982.jpg/800px-WrightFlyerSmithsonianMay1982.jpg. Lomax, Ted. Structural Loads Analysis for Commercial Transport Aircraft. New York: AIAA, 1996. Rath , Hans. New Results in Numerical and Experimental Fluid Mechanics. New York: Springer, 2006. Stump. “On This Day the Spruce Goose Took Flight.” Retrieved from http://stumptownblogger.typepad.com/.a/6a010536b86d36970c0120a69fd6d8970c-800wi. Van Dam, C.P. “The Aerodynamic Design of Multi-Element High-Lift Systems for Transport Airplanes.” Progress in Aerospace Sciences (2002) 38:2, 101-144.