The Historically Systemic Racial Profiling of Law Enforcement Institutions Racial Profiling in Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom by Charles Smith Introduction and Abstract: This article review will define the important aspects of racial profiling that target a specific group (persons of African descent) within the overarching hegemonic Anglo cultures of Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom within the policing research done by Charles Smith. Smith’s (year?) first argument makes a historical claim about the nature of racialism and the origins of racial profiling in Canada and in the United States (p.56). Within this context, it is evident that a systemic pattern of racial conflict with white law enforcement...The end:
.....cent. References: Chan, J. (2011). Racial Profiling and Police Subculture. Canadian Journal of Criminology & Criminal Justice, 53(1), 75-78. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. Crank, J. P. (2011). Scholarly Debate on Racial Profiling: To What End?. Canadian Journal of Criminology & Criminal Justice, 53(1), 79-85. Smith, C.C. (year?). Racial profiling in Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom. (customer please fill in the rest of bibliography, I only received a file of the text:55-91. Wortley, S., & Tanner, J. (2005). Inflammatory Rhetoric? Baseless Accusations? A Response to Gabor's Critique of Racial Profiling Research in Canada. Canadian Journal of Criminology & Criminal Justice, 47(3), 581-609. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.