Gender Pay Gap in Japan: The War without Winners Article 14 of the Japanese Constitution, established in 1947 states that: “All of the people are equal under the law and there shall be no discrimination in political, economic or social relations because of race, creed, sex, social status or family origin” (Hanover). The idealism of the charter does not, however translate to contemporary (2009) economic considerations. In Japan at present, over 48.5 % of the Labor Force is made up of women, or 26,590,000 workers. These numbers appear to have leveled off, with a slight increase indicated each year over the past ten (Japan). Parity has been achieved demographically, but equity in pay is far from established. As a result of cultural, gender,...The end:
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