The Forbidden City and the Old Beijing as a Social Landscape This paper is going to analyze the Forbidden City and the surrounding Old Beijing as a social landscape. A social landscape is a landscape transformed by human activity (Baker, 2003, p. 110). Every society has its dynamics that change through history. Social landscapes are products of societies and their present ‘look and feel’ is the result of social dynamics. As such, social landscapes are destructed and created to reflect the dynamics of a society. Although the question of landscape creation was generally favored in discourse on social and cultural landscape (Mitchell, 2003, p. 789), nothing can be created without prior destruction. As Mitchell (2003) argues: “the landscape of...The end:
..... in 1950s became a symbol of resistance against the same regime in late 1980s. References: Baker, A. R. H. (2003). Geography and history: Bridging the divide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Gaubatz , P. (1995). Changing Beijing. Geographical Review 85, 79-96. King, A.D. (2004). Spaces of global cultures: Architecture, urbanism, identity. New York: Routledge . Mitchell, D. (2003). Cultural landscapes: Just landscapes or landscapes of justice? Progress in Human Geography 27, 787-796. Smith, C.J. (2000). China in the post-utopian age. Boulder: Westview Press. Wallach , B. (2005). Understanding the cultural landscape. New York: Guilford Press. Zhu, J. (2003). Chinese spatial strategies: Imperial Beijing, 1420-1911. New York: Routledge .