The Emergence of the Cold War: An Analysis of Causes and Consequences Fundamental ideological, political, and economic differences between communism and capitalist democracy were the main reasons for the emergence of the Cold War, which began in the late 1940’s when the Soviet Union installed communist governments in Eastern Europe and tensions over Berlin escalated into confrontation between Moscow and Washington. The Berlin Airlift in 1948 enabled the United States and its Western allies to maintain their presence in Berlin and military conflict was avoided, but the invasion of South Korea by the communist North in June of 1950 escalated tensions again and generated long-term distrust and animosity between the American and Soviet...The end:
.....nsion of their costly and dangerous nuclear arsenals and led to consequences such as the Cuban Missile Crisis, which nearly led to global nuclear war between the superpowers. The arms race finally ended when Moscow and Washington signed the SALT Treaty and détente eased tensions between the superpowers, enabling them to ultimately reduce their arsenals and resolve problems through negotiation instead of confrontation. Bibliography Kennedy, Robert F. Thirteen Days: A Memoir of the Cuban Missile Crisis. New York: W. W. Norton, 1969. Kissinger, Henry. Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy. New York: W. W. Norton, 1969. The SALT II Treaty. CFR. Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Congress. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Library, 1979.