The Effect of Music on Postoperative Pain and Anxiety Post-operative pain is experienced by patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty causing delays in rehabilitation and physiological and psychological distress. The article by Allred, Byers and Sole (2010) discusses an investigation of the effect music on anxiety, pain and physiological parameters in the postoperative period. The purpose of this study is to discuss a critique of the article. The title of this article is concise and includes information about the research variables. The independent variable in this study is music and the dependent variables are anxiety, pain and physiological parameters. Abstract The abstract is a brief and concise summary of the major components of the...The end:
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