The Effect of Music on Postoperative Pain and Anxiety


Add to cart
Essay #: 066896
Total text length is 11,824 characters (approximately 8.2 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
The Effect of Music on Postoperative Pain and Anxiety
Post-operative pain is experienced by patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty causing delays in rehabilitation and physiological and psychological distress. The article by Allred, Byers and Sole (2010) discusses an investigation of the effect music on anxiety, pain and physiological parameters in the postoperative period. The purpose of this study is to discuss a critique of the article. The title of this article is concise and includes information about the research variables. The independent variable in this study is music and the dependent variables are anxiety, pain and physiological parameters.
The abstract is a brief and concise summary of the major components of the...
The end:
..... & Katz, J. (2001). The McGill Pain Questionnaire: Appraisal and current status. In D.C. Turk & R. Melzack (Eds.), Handbook of pain assessment. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Sendelbach, S.E., Halm, M.A., Doran, K.A., Miller, E.H. & Gaillard, P. (2006). Effects of music therapy on physiological and psychological outcomes for patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 21(3),194-200.
Voss, J.A., Good, M., Yates, B., Baun, M.M., Thompson, A.& Hertzog, M. (2004). Sedative music reduces anxiety and pain during chair rest after open-heart surgery. Pain,112(1-2),197-203.
Waltz, C.E., Strickland & Lenz, E.R. (2005). Measurement in nursing research and health. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.