Structural Functionalism

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Essay #: 060942
Total text length is 11,242 characters (approximately 7.8 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
Structural Functionalism
Structural functionalism is also known as simple functionalism in the sociological and anthropological realm. The term structural functionalism refers to the interrelated parts of both sociology and anthropology. Functionalism refers to society as a whole regarding norms, customs, beliefs, traditions and institutions. Herbert Spencer referred to these parts of society as organs that must function together properly so the body can function properly.
Auguste
Comte during the French Revolutions went a step further than Spencer by stressing that there must be cohesion after the revolution. Emile Durkheim developed his theory of organic solidarity on Spencer’s and Comte’s theory. Marcel
Mauss
,
Bronislaw
Malinowski and...
The end:
.....ogy that social environment may support the existence of certain social institutions, but such support does not cause the existence of said social institutions (
Ritzer
108-112). Influential structural theorists include Hebert Spencer, Emile Durkheim,
Talcot
Parsons, Robert K. Merton,
Bronislaw
Malinowski, Alfred Reginald Radcliffe-Brown,
Nicklas
Luhmann
, George Murdock,
Fei
Xiaotong
and David Keen. Although this essay does not deconstruct every influential theorist in relation to structural functionalism there has been a succinct collection of definitions and criticisms of the theory to understand it continued influence in spite of its limitations.
Works Cited
Ritzer
, George. Modern Sociological Theory. 7th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2008.