Sociology of Law: “The Truth is Anything Society Deems it to Be” Introduction Racial and ethnic disparities have historically been a prevalent part in the administration of criminal justice. Normative theorists such as Emile Durkheim explain disparities in the law, for instance in imprisonment, in terms of differential criminal involvement, thus considering criminal legislation as a set of codified norms equally applied for all violators of the law. As such, the severity of punishment imposed for different crimes depends directly on the significance of the violated laws. At the very essence of contemporary writing from the normative perspective is the presumption that the sanctions are imposed by the criminal justice system primarily in...The end:
.....there are any significant racial disparities within the institution, it would not be due to unequal treatment in the legal process rather than the differential involvement between individuals belonging to different social standings. Marxist theorists, in contrast, view the criminal justice system as a tool to advance the hegemonic ideology and that disparity within the institution is directly due to economic and political inequality within society. Not surprisingly, academic opinion is severely dividend on the topic of the criminal sanction. Regardless of what school of thought one subscribes to, all agree that the importance of improving the institution is fundamental to our society. Work Cited Burtch , Brian. The sociology of law. 2nd ed.