Runway Incursions: An In-Depth Case Study Introduction The Federal Aviation Administration defines a runway incursion as "any occurrence at an aerodrome involving the incorrect presence of an aircraft, vehicle or person on the protected area of a surface designated for the landing and take off of aircraft" (FAA.gov 2008). Even though a runway incursion does not, by definition, imply that an accident has occurred, they quite often do. There are three major kinds of runway incursions: pilot deviations, operational errors, and vehicle or pedestrian deviations. Pilot deviations result when a pilot violates specific FAA regulations, whether on approach, taxiing, or landing (USDOT 1997). Operational errors are caused by air traffic controllers...The end:
.....Case Study 2 1. Krause, Shari. “Aircraft Safety”. New York, McGraw Hill: 2003. Case Study 3 1. NTSB-3. “Aer Lingus Flight 132 Runway Incursion”. Website. Accessed on 6.30.2009. http://www.ntsb.gov/ntsb/brief.asp?ev_id=20050624X00863&key=1 (2005). Case Study 4 1. NTSB-4. “United Flight 1051”. Website. Accessed on 6.30.2009. http://www.ntsb.gov/ntsb/brief.asp?ev_id=20061115X01674&key=1 (2007). Case Study 5 1. ANSV. “Agenzia Nazionale - Milano Linate Ground Incursion”. Website. Accessed on 6.30.2009. http://www.ansv.it/En/Detail.asp?ID=177 (2004). Conclusions 1. Levin, Alan. “Airport Radar Soon a Blip in History”. in USA Today. Website. Accessed on 6.30.2009. http://www.usatoday.com/travel/flights/2007-08-27-airport-radar_N.htm (2007).