Retribution in Locke and Hobbes’ “The Book of the City of Ladies”

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Essay #: 058421
Total text length is 14,785 characters (approximately 10.2 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
Retribution in Locke and Hobbes' "The Book of the City of Ladies"
This paper compares and contrasts Locke and Hobbes the matter of retribution – with some reference to The Book of the City of Ladies. The paper describes how John Locke believes that humanity can – at the level of the individual – take aggressive action (retribution) against someone who does something (like breaking a covenant) that is injurious to the social contract. Hobbes believes that such individuals must be punished, too, but he emphasizes that people should not take action into their own hands and should therefore cede their prerogative to engage in retribution to the sovereign; the other interesting thing about Hobbes is that he departs from Locke in the sense that...
The end:
.....e one entrusted with delivering punishment to the deserving. In any case, both men take the position that justice must have a male form; De Pizan argues against this and against the idea women are incapable of delivering sound, rational, responsible justice. Overall, there are similarities and differences between both scholars – but the common failing of both is exposed by a woman writing long before either.
Works Cited
De Pizan, Christine. The Book of the City of Ladies. New York: Persea Books, 1982.
Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan. USA: Forgotten Books, 1950.
Locke, John. Second Treatise of Government. Indianapolis: Hackett. 17 Mar. 2010 http://books.google.com/books?id=RvY8If-nPrQC&printsec=frontcover#v=snippet&q=punishment&f=false