Client’s Name Instructor’s Name Course Name/Course Number 2 Aug. 2011 Retribution as a Justifiable Punishment When a morally reprehensible act is performed, what is the appropriate punishment? How we determine justice is one of the hallmarks of society; meting out punishment as retribution is mitigated in accordance with the severity of the act. Punishment is conducted and carried out in a retributive manner in order to maintain standard morals and values of a civilized society and to prevent vigilantism and lynch mobs. Causal determinism is the notion that every event is preceded by an antecedent event; in other words, there exists cause and effect between actions. Can retribution of punishment exist if universal causal determinism is...The end:
.....s not acting, but rather, reacting, and the decision on the action will not always arise out of an act of free will. The question, then, of whether retributive punishment can be justified if universal causal determinism is true is the provenance of social morality and judicial law. If one accepts that one has free will and that acts are predicated on antecedent acts, then yes, most assuredly retributive punishment is justified. It is regardless, and, fortunately, our society makes special dispensations for extenuating circumstances. Works Cited Campbell, C.A. On Selfhood and Godhood. London: George Allen and Unwin. 1957. Print. Hobart, R.E. “Free Will as Involving Determination and Inconceivable Without it.” Mind 43.169 (1934): 1-27. Print.