Research Proposal on a Pain Self Management Program Introduction Pain is a prevalent and costly problem for health care professionals and a persistent problem for those who suffer from it. Since pain can manifest as a pre-treatment symptom, a post-operative outcome symptom, a periodic condition, and as a chronic condition, and each patient has a different pain threshold and tolerance level, pain management is an ongoing concern receiving more and more attention from the health professions (International Association for the Study of Pain [IASP], 2010). Even when pain cannot be completely eliminated by pharmacological, surgical, or other medical methods, it is no longer an acceptable position to tell a patient that they should learn to live...The end:
..... 2010. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-4637.2009.00783.x Turk, D.C. (2002). Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of treatments for patients with chronic pain. Journal of Clinical Pain, 18: 355 – 365. Turk, D.C., Swanson, K.S., & Tunks, E.R. (2008). Psychological approaches in the treatment of chronic pain patients – when pills, scalpels, and needles are not enough. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 53(4): 213 – 223. Verhaak, P.F., Kerssens, J.J., Dekker, J., Sorbi, M.J., & Bensing, J.M. (1998). Prevalence of chronic benign pain disorder among adults: A review of the literature. Pain, 77(3): 231 – 239. Wilmore, D.W. & Kehlet, H. Recent advances: Management of patients in fast track surgery. British Medical Journal, 322: 473 – 476.