Religion and Culture: Primal (Basic) Religions


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Essay #: 069080
Total text length is 7,761 characters (approximately 5.4 pages).

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Religion and Culture: Primal (Basic) Religions
Bede Griffiths, in his book, “Return to the Center” (1982), makes the overall premise that all religions derive from a mystical experience, transcending any thought, but coming from a place that is beyond human thinking and scientific logic. Another worldview presented primal religions as “projections of the wishes and needs of humanity” (Hopke & Woodward, 2009, p. 7). In addition, human beings are noted to be able to create transcendent experiences, and this is something that makes us unique in the universe, according to Griffiths, and what motivates humans to spiritual and religious paths. “Man makes religion, religion does not make man” (Hopke & Woodward, 2009, p. 7)....
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.....tic (Hopfe & Woodward, 2009, p. 32). However, some primal religions are considered henotheistic, animistic or polytheistic (Hopfe & Woodward, 2009, p. 6), although there is evidence that primal religions might have originally been monotheistic (p. 6). Most of the research shows that in primal religions, there is no concept of a supreme God like there is in Christianity or Islam, for example.
Griffiths, B. (1982). Return to the center. Springfield, IL: Templegate.
Hopfe, L. M., & Woodward, M. R. (2009). Religions of the world (11th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Mezzana, D. (2002). “African traditional religions and modernity.” African Societies. Retrieved from