Post-traumatic Stress and Leadership during Difficult Times Introduction Post-traumatic stress essentially consists of anxiety of a type which is crippling and affects all dimensions of the person including the physical, emotional, and cognitive elements. According to De Silva and Yule (2001), even though the clinical term ‘post-traumatic stress disorder’ is used to describe reactions to traumatic events, those reactions are still essentially common human responses to disasters and trauma. The two traits or abilities which can counteract that reaction consist of personal resilience and personal responsibility. However, as Axelrod (2006) points out, the main criterion is whether the symptoms occur outside of the boundaries of normal...The end:
.....evels of post-traumatic stress by ensuring that soldiers and all armed forces personnel are prepared in advance for situations. The leader must think beyond adequate or normal training and ensure that all those involved are fully prepared for typical situations. This is achieved through measurement of predicted stress and the soldier’s reaction to that stress. References Axelrod, B. (2006). Interpreting symptoms in military personnel after combat. The Lancet, 367, 1709-1710. De Silva, P. & Yule, W. (2001). Reactions to traumatic experiences: Understanding and treatment. International Review of Psychiatry, 13, 149-154. Wesensten , N. & Belenky , G. (2005). Cognitive readiness in network-centric operations. Parameters, Spring, 94-105.