Political Science Essays on Happiness and Human Freedom Part B - Question 1 Introduction For both John Stuart Mill and the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, happiness is the ultimate goal for man, and therefore the same goal for man’s political system. However, each of these great thinkers has a different conception of what happiness means. This essay will describe what each thinker might say about the other’s ideas of happiness and the means and methods for man to bring it about. Different Conceptions of Happiness Both John Stuart Mill and Aristotle agreed that living the life as a human was a special state because human beings had ideas and ambitions that made them able to pursue happiness or the good life. John Stuart Mill believed...The end:
.....the collective society, is that the moral and virtuous parts of man would evolve naturally. So, Marx would also have said that what was missing from the ancient views of personal freedom is a belief that man’s evolution was of a social nature in addition to its natural evolution. The ancients were more concerned about human evolution in a moral sense and the requirements for happiness and freedom in a moral context. Marx, in contrast, was more of an evolutionary thinker - politically, socially and scientifically. For the ancients, the moral life of man was front and center and something that had to be considered for man to pursue freedom and happiness. For Marx, moral virtue was something that would occur naturally as man naturally evolved.