Political Philosophy of Locke and Rousseau

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Essay #: 072515
Total text length is 6,866 characters (approximately 4.7 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
Political Philosophy of Locke and Rousseau
John Locke contends that political society is legitimate because it protects the rights people already possess in a state of nature; for his part, Rousseau finds this claim objectionable and argues that the social contract is the source of all rights. The paper that follows will note how Locke presents an argument that people have natural rights and that, in the state of nature, these rights are protected and perpetuated; what is problematic is that he insists in the essential goodness of people whilst also maintaining that a civil society is necessary to protect individuals from having their fundamental rights violated by other “good” people; it is very odd logic when one looks at it closely. For...
The end:
.....ranny of the majority. Rousseau believes that people are neither good nor bad – but he somehow believes that people can be counted upon to always do the right thing, to express a general will that is protective of the needs and interests of each individual. By contrast, Locke recognizes the need for natural rights – even if he tends to be too optimistic about human nature as a whole.
Works Cited
Locke, John.
(1988). Two Treatises of Government.
Peter
Laslett
(
ed
.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Parker, K.I. (2007).
The Biblical Politics of John Locke.
Waterloo:
Wilfrid
Laurier University Press.
Rousseau, J.J. (1762).
The Social Contract.
Retrieved November 12, 2011 from http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/r/rousseau/jean_jacques/r864s/