Political Philosophies of Plato, Hobbes, Locke and Marx

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Essay #: 065055
Total text length is 11,408 characters (approximately 7.9 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
Political Philosophies of Plato, Hobbes, Locke, and Marx
Similarities and Differences
Plato
Plato, Hobbes, Marx and Locke were political philosophers who contributed to modern political theory. Plato proposed the most rational societal structure. Even though Plato sought a perfect match between the abilities of the citizens and their jobs, he criticized the unchecked and direct democracy in his era. He condemned the excessive freedom that evolves out of freedom and its corruptible nature to open doors for potential tyrants. He also disapproved of democracy because of incompetent leadership to demonstrate good morals and virtues and for propagating a lot of changes without any progress. He believed that meritocracy was the best political...
The end:
.....t was essential in a political system. Other authors inferred from his viewpoints about natural rights and have used it to justify the fact that the government must enable individuals to freely exchange their property and labor as they choose.
Locke has also had a great influence on American institutions of property. For example, American law forbids the government to confiscate the private property of an individual’s even if it is for society’s good. Locke’s views on property and ownership have been an underlying influence in American law.
It is apparent that amongst the four theories, Locke has been able to achieve the simple truth in life, protecting the fundamental rights of human beings, from which a political system is able to thrive.