Plato and Cicero on the Just or Moral Person or Ruler


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Essay #: 069401
Total text length is 9,958 characters (approximately 6.9 pages).

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The beginning:
Plato and Cicero on the Just or Moral Person or Ruler
Plato (428-347 BCE) contributed much thought on the proper nature of a state and society, and those that were qualified to be its rulers. His though percolated through the Mediterranean world for centuries and has remained an important part of Western thought for two millennia. This paper refers to Plato’s ideas on the desirability of the person being just, or moral. Later, this subject appears again in a discussion of Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BCE), at one time the Consul of Rome who came from retirement to defy Marc Antony and a plot to subvert the government. Cicero also referred to matters of the person, personal integrity and what could be expected of the state. A...
The end: towards better decisions. There is deep insight into the happier residents of a society that see justice done, decisions made on moral and just terms, and as such people are more inclined to adhere to laws, for instance. Moral and just decision making is not simply an ideal but pragmatic. The bona fide leader, as in the dramatic case of Cicero, is quite prepared to die for what he knows must or must not occur, and for others.
Works Cited
Cicero. “Refutation of Epicurean Ethics” in De Finibus. Trans. H. Rackham. Retrieved from on March 24, 2011.
Plato. The Republic. Books II-V. trans. B. Jowett. The Internet Classics Archive. Retrieved
from on May 20, 2011.