Philosophy Ethics Argument 1 Leslie Stevenson, in “Is Scientific Research Value Neutral,” argues that scientific research cannot be value-neutral. Central to this argument are his critiques of three common assumptions that are made to support the value-neutral position. Stevenson address the following issues: (1) that knowledge is pursued for its own sake; (2) that society decides the application of knowledge; and (3) that science offers us objective knowledge of the world (Stevenson 12-14). While noting objections to some of these critics, Stevenson raises the issue of the epistemology of the scientific method itself, arguing that the basic questions that underlie this method involve value judgements related to choices as to how to spend...The end:
.....ines. While Singer considers an absolutist position by opponents of animal testing to be flawed, and indefensible, it is significant that his argument is based upon the assumption that those who advocate animal testing do so themselves from an absolutist position. Bibliography Singer, Peter. Excerpt from “Chapter 4: Tools for Research.” In Animal Liberation Second Edition. Pp.81-86. New York: New York Review of Books, 1990. Singer, Peter. Excerpt from “Chapter 1: All Animals are Equal...” In Animal Liberation Second Edition. Pp.1-17. New York: New York Review of Books, 1990. Stevenson, Leslie. ”Is Scientific Research Value-Neutral?” In Environmental Ethics. Edited by Susan Armstrong and Richard Botzler. Pp.9016. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1993.