Personalized Medicine: The Future in Patient Care


Add to cart
Essay #: 071994
Total text length is 5,246 characters (approximately 3.6 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
Personalized Medicine: The Future in Patient Care
Half of all pharmaceuticals do not work properly in standardized doses because of genetic variations that create biochemical alterations in response to those drugs (National Institutes of Health, 2011). Personalized medicine is utilizing each person’s genetic, environmental, and clinical information to create an individualized health regimen for the best possible outcomes. This involves identifying genetic markers that predispose a patient to potential negative reactions to medicine. Pharmacogenetics or pharmacogenomics is the science of genes’ variant effect on human response to pharmaceuticals. Having genetic information allows physicians to prescribe the best possible drug in the most...
The end:
McCaffery, S. (2007). The risk of personalized medicine. AAOS – American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. Retrieved November 2, 2011 from
National Institutes of Health. (August, 2011). Personalized Medicines Fact Sheet. Retrieved November 3, 2011 from
U.S. News and World Report. (2011). Personalized medicine. Retrieved November 2, 2011 from
Wallis, P. (February, 2008). Op-Ed: ‘Personalized Medicine’ – Pros and cons and some real problems. Digital Journal. Retrieved November 2, 2011 from