Performance and Performativity in the Rio Carnival and Torontonian Caribana This paper will apply the concepts of performance and performativity – as explored in the works of Schechner and Butler respectively – to an analysis of the public spectacles of the Rio Carnival in Brazil and the Toronto Caribana in Canada. As will be seen, while both events can be understood as ritualized performances that mark identities, it is critically important to see performances in both contexts not as actions but as interactions between a number of different agents. In this regard, with critical reference to Butler’s theory of performativity, it will be argued that performativity in both cases involves not simply a web of discourse and power but also...The end:
.....n of gender and race, through disciplined bodies, in physical and discursive space. Bibliography Butler, Judith. 1993. Introduction. Bodies that matter: On the discursive limits of ‘sex’: 1-23. New York: Routledge. Gallaugher, Annemarie. 1995. Constructing Caribbean culture in Toronto: The representation of Caribana. In The reordering of culture: Latin America, the Caribbean and Canada in the hood, ed. Alvina Roberta Ruprecht and Cecilia Taiana 397-307. Ottawa: Carlton University Press. Lewis, Clare and Steve Pile. 1996. Women, body, space: Rio Carnival and the politics of performance. Gender, Place and Culture 3, no.1: 23-41. Schechner, Richard. 2006. What is performance? In Performance Studies: An introduction: 28-31. New York: Routledge.