Opiates and their Derivatives


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Essay #: 072568
Total text length is 5,615 characters (approximately 3.9 pages).

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The beginning:
Opiates and their Derivatives
Humanity has had a long and storied relationship with opiates and their derivatives. Opiates are a class of drugs that function as a depressant, affecting the central nervous system (Opiates, 2010). Historically, they have been used in medicine as powerful pain relievers, and examples include morphine, heroin, and codeine (Opiates, 2010). Indeed, it is noted that since F.
isolated an active principle from opium (morphine) (Martinez-Fernandez, Aragon-Poce, Marquez-Espinos, Perez-Perez, Perez-Bustamante, & Torres-Moera, 2002), opiates and humans have enjoyed a rocky tenure, fraught with misunderstanding, utility, and abuse. Morphine is a naturally occurring substance extracted from the seeds of the...
The end:
.....g of choice to opiate dependent drug users: a comparison of clients receiving heroin with those receiving injectable methadone at a West London drug clinic. Drug and Alcohol Review , 20, 267-276.
National Drug Intelligence Center. (2006). Heroin Fast Facts. Retrieved November 21, 2011, from U.S. Department of Justice: http://www.justice.gov/ndic/pubs3/3843/3843p.pdf
National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2010, March). NIDA Info Facts: Heroin. Retrieved November 21, 2011, from National Institute on Drug Abuse - National Institute of Health: http://www.nida.nih.gov/PDF/Infofacts/Heroin10.pdf
(2010). Opiates. In V. R. Preedy, & R. R. Watson (Eds.), Handbook of Disease Burdens and Quality of Life Measures (p. 4275). New York: Springer New York.