Operant Conditioning: An Imperfect Solution for the Classroom What is Operant Conditioning? Operant conditioning is the process of changing someone’s behaviour through a response to a stimulus. As noted by Skinner (1981), this is related to the early experiments of Ivan Pavlov, who was a Russian physiologist. Pavlov showed that dogs could be conditioned to salivate when a bell was rung, because they received food every time they heard the bell. Over time, the dogs came to expect the food when they heard the noise. Skinner (1981) used this idea to apply to psychology. If people were able to be conditioned, he argued, then there would be a better chance of recovery from some psychological conditions. Skinner (1981) proved that it was...The end:
.....nn, S., Vigorito, M., and Miller, R. (2004). The Role of Cognition in Classical and Operant Conditioning. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 60(4), 369-392. Murdock, N.L. (2009). Theories of Counselling and Psychotherapy: A case approach (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merril. Nevid, J.S., and Rathus, S.A. (2005). Psychology and the challenges of life: Adjustment in the new millennium (9th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons. Skinner, B.F. (1981). Selection by Consequences. Science, 213, 501-504. Weiten, W. (2004). Psychology: Themes and Variations. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomas. Strain, P. S., & Joseph, G. E. (2004). A not so good job with 'Good Job': A response to Kohn 2001. Journal of Positive Behaviour Interventions, 6(1), 55-59.