On the Formation of Civilization While modern society seems to bear little resemblance to the culture of the seventeenth century, the political organization of our culture and the debates we engage in are still tied to some of the great political philosophers of the past. Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau each present their own theories on the origin of civilization by making assumptions about how man would exist in the state of nature. These theories then lead them to widely varying political philosophies, from Hobbes’ grim totalitarianism, to Locke’s libertarian society, and finally to Rousseau’s proto-socialist ideas. Thomas Hobbes (2009) famously wrote that the life of man is “solitary, poore , nasty, brutish, and short” (p. 84). His...The end:
..... in the British empire and new ideas passed rapidly. Finally, Rousseau wrote both later and in France, a country with a much different political tradition, though certainly one not lacking in despotic monarchs which he despised. These variations in time and place create differences in the worldviews of these thinkers, and ultimately creates a wide spectrum of political beliefs drawn from a similar set of theories about natural law and the origins of society. References Hobbes, T. (2009). Leviathan. New York: Oxford University Press. Locke, J. (1689). The second treatise on government. New York: Penguin Classics. Rousseau, J. (1997). The discourses and other early political writings. Ed. V. Gourevitch . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.