Mental States and the Immaterial Soul The idea of dualism is the concept that there is a fundamental difference between the physical nature and the consciousness of the human mind. While this theory was presented by the Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle, the argument that a state of consciousness was a unique part of human nature was most famously put forward by Rene Descartes in the 17th Century. Dualism attempts to explore the reasons behind self-awareness and the differences between the processes of how we think on a physical level and why we think on a philosophical level. This paper serves to explore the concept of dualism within the construct of arguments put forward by three fictional doctors considering the case of a patient...The end:
..... immaterial soul. The fact that the person is expressing themselves with the assistance of a computer actually demonstrates that there is likely no causative effect between a soul and the patient. The patient therefore has mental states, but whether or not those mental states belong to their body or a computer programmer remains to be proven.References Churchland, P. Matter and Consciousness, Revised Edition, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1988. Descartes, R. Meditations on First Philosophy, in The Philosophical Writings of René Descartes, trans. by J. Cottingham, R. Stoothoff and D. Murdoch. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Volume 2, 1984, 1-62. Nagel, Thomas. What is it like to be a bat? The Philosophical Review LXXXIII, 4 (1974): 435-50.