Managing Middle Eastern American and other Stigmatized Identities While Americans of Middle Eastern descent – or those who are perceived to be of Middle Eastern descent – have historically been subject to discrimination in the United States, it got much worse after September 11, 2001 and the new “war on terror” launched by the U.S. government. As Amir Marvasti writes in his essay, the daily lives of Middle Eastern Americans have been further upset because they are subject to pointed questions about their origins, their politics, their religious beliefs, and their “intentions” in the most banal, regular, and random places every day ( Marvasti 2006, p.307). Marvasti argues that Middle Eastern Americans have become deeply stigmatized by the...The end:
.....estivals and parades to show their pride in their history, heritage, and sexuality and to show other Americans that they are not afraid of being gay or lesbian, but are empowered by it. Another way gays and lesbians manage their stigma is by mocking the stereotypes that are popular in American culture about them. They might perform as very outrageous and feminine men or as very masculine women to show that the stereotypes of an effeminate man or a masculine woman are just that - stereotypes – that are not actually based in reality. References Marvasti , A. (2006). Being Middle Eastern American: Identity negotiation in the context of the “War on Terror. The Production of Reality: Essays and Readings on Social Interactions. Ed., Jodi O’Brien.