Locke, Marx and the Labour Theory of Property In his Second Treatise of Government the seventeenth century British political philosopher John Locke presents a theory of the origin of property as a consequence of labour that is rejected by the nineteenth century economic theorist Karl Marx. This essay will critically examine the theories of both thinkers with regard to property in order to identify the reasons for Marx’s rejection of the underlying assumptions of Locke’s theory of property. In this context, the thesis will be argued that the core difference between Locke and Marx with respect to a labour theory of property lies in Locke’s view that labour was an alienable property or commodity. As will be seen, while Marx acknowledged that...The end:
.....oice: Locke, Nozick and Marx on the Alienability of Labour.” Canadian Journal of Political Science. 18.3(1985): 529-550. Becker, Lawrence. “The Labor Theory of Property Acquisition.” The Journal of Philosophy. 73.18(1976): 653-664. Locke, John. “Second Treatise on Government.” In Classics of Moral and Political Theory Fourth Edition. Indianapolis: Hackett, 2005. Marx, Karl. “Alienated Labor.” In Classics of Moral and Political Theory Fourth Edition. Indianapolis: Hackett, 2005: 1086-1092. Marx, Karl. “Critique of the Gotha Programme.” In Classics of Moral and Political Theory Fourth Edition. Indianapolis: Hackett, 2005: 1129-1139. Vaughn, Karen. “John Locke and the Labour Theory of Value.” Journal of Libertarian Studies. 2.4(1978): 311-326.