Learning Theories: Malcolm Knowles and Lev Vygotsky The following discussion provides an analysis of learning theories by Malcolm Knowles (theory of androgogy) and Lev Vygotsky (theory of social cognitive development). Malcolm Knowles Theory of Androgogy The following section of the current study discusses Malcolm Knowles theory of androgogy. Overview Malcolm Knowles' theory of androgogy is based on the fundamental notion that adults learn differently than children. Foremost, adults prefer learning in a self-directed manner (Jarvis, Holford & Griffin, 2003, p. 90). In general, adult students also insist that learning should have immediate practical applications. Rather than learning in traditional rote and abstract manners, adults...The end:
..... constructs are formulated. It is therefore very important to understand that parents, primary caregivers, and other adults play a key role in the cognitive development of children. REFERENCES Falchikov, N. (2001). Learning together: peer tutoring in higher education. Routledge. Jarvis, P., Holford, J. & Griffin, C. (2003). The theory & practice of learning. Routledge. Oakley, L. (2004). Cognitive development. Routledge. Roussel, L. & Swansburg, R.C. (2008). Management and Leadership for Nurse Administrators. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Schlosser, L.A. & Simonson, M. (2009). Distance Education: Definitions and Glossary of Terms. IAP. Sigelman, C.K. & Rider, E.A. (2008). Life-Span Human Development. Cengage Learning.