Language and Culture – The Meanings of Urdu in South Asia Introduction The Indian subcontinent has a vast array of languages of which Urdu has been associated with Indian Muslims as at least the second language and often the first. Pakistan’s national language is Urdu but in the presence of several important provincial languages, the educated classes more often know English and the vernacular. This paper introduces the cultural meanings of Urdu that do change from region to region and between two countries. Most important are attachments to the Urdu language pointing to history and different experiences to impart distinct identities vis a vis other Indians, or Pakistanis should Urdu be the mother tongue. More people use Urdu as the first...The end:
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