Langacker and Talmy on Cognitive Linguistics The exploration of even the most simplistic conventions of language can reveal that which may be termed profound. Ronald Langacker’s “Nouns and Verbs” and Leonard Talmy’s “Fictive Motion in Language and ‘ Ception ’” are suitable examples of the basic conventions of language translating into complex theoretical studies. Langacker and Talmy both deal with the subtle action of verbs in creating motion in language and thought. First Langacker will be explored. Specifically, his analysis of the distinction between perfective and imperfective verbs; and why perfective verbs occur in the simple present, while imperfective verbs often use progressive construction. Talmy will be next addressed....The end:
.....aims. Further, the compatibility has been explained through the two part structure of Talmy – that is, of a higher, static geometric form working with a lower, perceived pathway. Langacker , instead of insisting on a structure similar to Talmy , put an emphasis on the scope of the predication, or in the case explored, the road. Depending on how the road is positioned, it will become either stable or prone to change. While this is a useful way to understand the two ways that the road may be understood, Talmy’s explanation is more satisfactory. Talmy does not simply stop at scope but instead includes the act of perception – the simultaneous recognition of stability and the tracing of the route. The factive cannot function without the fictive.