John Searle’s Philosophy in “Minds, Brains and Machines” Introduction John Searle’s treatise regarding the nature of human consciousness and human cognition versus “strong” artificial intelligence speaks to the fundamental question of what is the nature of cognition as it applies to “understanding” and what are the causal powers involved in systems thinking versus human thinking. This paper will analyze Searle’s essay, “Minds Brains and Machines” and outline Searle’s arguments against Artificial Intelligence and his argument for the Chinese Room philosophy, and what Searle believes to be the central difference between the two cases. Strong Artificial Intelligence and Functionalism Searle’s first argument was a refute of the notion that...The end:
.....he computer program. The physical properties of the mind, according to Searle, are not easily replicated into a machine (his argument against strong Artificial Intelligence) because of the strength of the human brain that the high level cognition is based on. The two, in fact, cannot be separated. So, in the first case the human individual brain is organic, but the Chinese Room is akin to Artificial Intelligence, because there is no real “brain” there to complete the semantic qualities of the cognitive process. It is clear that there are differences between the human case and the artificial (Chinese Room) case because of the necessary addition of the human semantic mind, which creates meaning and true learning. Syntax, alone, is not enough.