Jerusalem and the Crusades of the 12th Century


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Essay #: 051590
Total text length is 7,069 characters (approximately 4.9 pages).

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The beginning:
Jerusalem and the 
Crusades of the 
12th Century
     When Pope Urban II called upon Christians to liberate the holy city of Jerusalem from Muslim control in 1095, he appealed to their sense of religious duty while also praising their martial prowess of Europe’s kings, nobles, and knights.  “God has conferred upon you above all other nations great glory in arms,” he declared, appealing to their martial vanity.  But he also emphasized that taking part in the First Crusade would lead to “the remission of your sins, with the assurance of the reward of imperishable glory in the kingdom of heaven.”   
     Pope Urban II’s castigation of the Muslims as “a despised and base race, which worships demons” reflected what most contemporary Christians...
The end:
.....lief that Muslims were base and evil devil worshippers.  The Crusaders held Jerusalem until 1187, when it fell to the legendary Muslim general Saladin, which led to the Second and Third Crusades and extended fighting in the region between Christians and Muslims which lasted until the late 14th century.  
       Carroll, Anne W.  “The Crusades.”  In Christ the King: Lord of History. Rockford, Illinois: Tan Books and Publishers Inc., 1994.
       Peters, Edward.  (ed).  The First Crusade: The Chronicle of Fulcher of Chartres and Other Source Material.  2nd Edition.  Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998. 
      Robinson, James Harvey.  (ed).  Readings in European History: Vol. I.   New York: Ginn and Company, 1906.