Issue Analysis: Air Pollution in the City of Toronto

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Essay #: 055394
Total text length is 10,696 characters (approximately 7.4 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
Issue Analysis: Air Pollution in the City of Toronto
Introduction
A number of epidemiological studies over the past decade have demonstrated the relationship between air pollution and a broad variety of acute health effects, ranging from premature mortality to minor changes in lung functions (
Stieb
et al., 210). Certainly, Toronto (City) is no exception. Estimations from the City’s Public Health postulate that air pollution in the city contributes to about 1,700 premature deaths and 6,000 admissions to hospitals each year (“Air,” 1). As such, the City has taken the position to significantly commit to improving the its air quality. For example, Toronto’s Energy Efficiency Office’s efforts are towards increasing the energy efficiency of...
The end:
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ackgrounder_agenda.pdf
>
“Air pollution burdens in Toronto: Study shows air pollution harms thousands of residents.”July. 2004. Toronto.ca. 16. Nov. 2009. <<http://www.toronto.ca/health/hphe/pdf/air_and_health_b
ackgrounder_burden.pdf
>
“Air quality and Climate change.” City of Toronto. 8 July. 2004. Toronto.ca. 16. Nov. 2009. <http://www.toronto.ca/environment/air.htm>
Rainham
, Daniel & Karen
Smoyer-Tomic
. “The role of air pollution in the relationship between a heat stress index and human mortality in Toronto. Environmental Research. 93 (2003): 9-19.
Stieb
, David et al. “Air pollution and disability days in Toronto: Results from the national population Health survey.” Environmental Research. 89 (2002): 210-219.