Intervention: Implementing Transformative Change In CAIB’s analysis of NASA as regards the Challenger and Columbia accidents, they state “the recommendations for change are not only for fixing the Shuttleʼs technical system, but also for fixing each part of the organizational system that produced Columbiaʼs failure” (“Columbia Accident Investigation Board,” 2003, p. 195). In their view, both space shuttle tragedies were due to massive failures of NASA organizational culture to validate and communicate vital information in decision making processes that that could have averted both space shuttle voyage calamities (“Columbia Accident Investigation Board,” 2003). In CAIB’s view, “NASA culture encouraged flying with flaws because the schedule...The end:
..... here is independence, because this is necessary to create the objectivity that a safety culture mandates. REFERENCES “Columbia Accident Investigation Board”. (2003). Retrieved from http://www.nasa.gov/columbia/caib/PDFS/VOL1/PART02.PDF. Gugliotta, G. (2005). NASA chief speeds plan for spacecraft. The Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/05/08/AR2005050800834.html. “NASA – President Bush Offers New Vision For NASA,” (2004). Official NASA Website. As retrieved from http://www.nasa.gov/missions/solarsystem/bush_vision.html. Tushman, M. & O’Reilly, C. (1997). Working through innovation: a practical guide to leading organizational change and renewal. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.