In the Face of Fate: The First Nations and the Oil Sands Summary The technological process explored in this paper is the extraction of useable oil from the oil sands found in northern Alberta. The question is whether and to what extent the development of the technology has been shaped by external societal pressures from local indigenous peoples and environmental organizations. Until the oil shocks of the second half of the twentieth century, extraction technologies were known but they were not usually economically practical. When oil soared in price, these techniques suddenly became practical. At this point, the technology ran into another problem: the indigenous peoples of the Northern Alberta region, many of whom were not comfortable...The end:
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