Impact of Smoking on Maternal and Fetal Health during Pregnancy Introduction Smoking during pregnancy affects maternal and fetal health but smoking is on a continuum that includes prenatal exposure and impacts which extend into adolescence ( Ruckinger & Rzehak , 2010; Toro & Leonard, 2008). The research question guiding this literature review is: what is the potential impact of smoking during pregnancy on maternal and child health? The main themes will be summarized and careful conclusions will be discussed. Literature Review New research questions immediately arise from the approaches used by researchers. These questions are actually based in the major themes such as: who is doing the smoking? Do effects on fetal health impact on...The end:
.....Journal of Women’s Health, 18(6), 867-873. Rossner , P. & Tabashidze , N. (2007). Genetic, biochemical and environmental factors associated with pregnancy outcomes in newborns from the Czech Republic. Environmental Health Perspectives, 118 (1), 1-34. Ruckinger , S. & Rzehak , P. (2010). Prenatal and postnatal tobacco exposure and behavioral problems in 10-year-old children. Environmental Health Perspectives, 118(1), 150-155. Savage, C. (1999). Duration of maternal smoking during pregnancy and the relationship to low birth weight. Journal of Addictions Nursing, 11(4), 164-171. Toro, R. & Leonard, G. (2008). Prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking and the adolescent cerebral cortex. Neuropsychopharmacology , 33, 1019-1027.