Immigration in the Early 20th Century At the turn of the twentieth century, immigration in America increased dramatically. The newly constructed facilities at Ellis Island processed thousands of immigrants daily, mostly the poor who could not afford first or second class passage from Europe (Kraut 21). The increase in immigration was not merely a matter of degree, however: suddenly new immigrants groups were coming to America in search of work and opportunity, or seeking to make their fortunes in the city (Mangum 2). Whereas before the U.S. government had sought out immigrants from western and northern Europe to populate the vast expanse of U.S. farmland in middle and western America, by the turn of the century American industry required...The end:
.....in urban areas and the creation of ethnic enclaves that maintained the traditions and language of their home countries. Works Cited Kraut, Alan. The Huddled Masses: The Immigrant in American Society, 1880-1921 (1982); Handlin, Oscar, The Uprooted (1951). The Economist. “A nation of Immigrants: History of Immigration in the US, Including the Closing of Ellis Island.” The Economist. 25 Dec. 1999. Mangum, Garth. “A Historical Perspective of U.S. Immigration Policy” University of Utah Center for Public Policy and Administration. 28 Jan. 2009. www.cppa.utah.edu. Web. 21 Nov. 2011. Hirschman, Charles and Elizabeth Mogford. “Immigration and the American industrial revolution from 1880 to 1920.” Journal for Social Science Research 38:897-920. 2009.