How the 19th Century Coolie Trade Influenced Relations between China and North America


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Essay #: 061573
Total text length is 16,538 characters (approximately 11.4 pages).

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The beginning:
How did the 19th century Coolie Trade Influence Relations between China and North America?
The coolie trade began in 1840. The trade was a reaction to the labor shortage resulting from the abolishment of slavery on a global scale. China was the greatest exporter of contract labor throughout the world. Global areas such as Hawaii, Ceylon, Malaya, the Caribbean, Amoy, Macao and various European colonies all benefited from coolie trade.
The word coolie actually means cheap labor that is also skilled and from Asia. In Chinese the word coolie means labor that is bitter. Coolie is a term that represents contract or indentured labor.
The coolie trade from China resulted from two causes: the Opium War and the abolition of slave trade in the...
The end:
Hsu, M. Y. (2002). California Dreaming: Migration and
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Lee, E. (2008). Coolies and Cane. Journal of Social History, 41.
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Royal, D. P. (2007). Introduction: Coloring America. MELUS, 32.
Retrieved July 17, 2010, from