How Technology has Improved Surgery


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Essay #: 057622
Total text length is 5,331 characters (approximately 3.7 pages).

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The beginning:
How Technology has Improved Surgery
The first human surgeries were likely performed tens of thousands of years ago. There is archaeological evidence that prehistoric peoples were familiar with techniques of cutting into skulls so as to relieve the pressure from swelling brains (Kolb and Whishaw 2000, p. 24). At the time, surgical technology was limited to very sharp cutting implements. Over the centuries, surgical technology has improved on three fronts: (1) anesthetics, which allow surgery to take place; (2) instruments, which are capable of far more complex and wide-ranging procedures than ever before; and (3) computers, which in concert with the other aspects of surgery can allow a degree of precision and power that render...
The end:
.....chnology and other emerging sciences will no doubt transform surgery even further, making it possible that humanity’s distant ancestors may one day look back at our surgical techniques with the same sense of bemusement with which we now consider ancient brain surgery.
Diamond, M.P. (1998). A manual of clinical laparoscopy. New York: Informa Health Care
Gordon, H.L. (1897). Sir James Young Simpson and chloroform. London: T. Fisher Unwin
Kolb, B. & Whisham, I.Q. (2008). Fundamentals of human neuropsychology. New York: Macmillan
Taylor, R.H. (2004). Robotic systems for orthopaedic surgery. In A. DiGioia, B. Jaramaz, & F. Picard (Eds.), Computer and robotic assisted hip and knee surgery. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 67-82