How Sociological Forces have Shaped Power in West Africa The people of West Africa are diverse, in that they represent dozens of language divisions, tribes and ideologies. At the same time, they are commonly affected by hegemonic power brought to their region by multinational companies because of the legacy of slavery, which was at its most extreme in the region. This paper serves to examine the balance of power between state and corporate actors and that of civil society in West Africa, focussing on how sociological forces have shaped the power balance between communities and individuals in the region. The paper will use the example of Shell Oil and the Ogoni people as an example. For over 35 years, the Ogoni land in Nigeria has generated...The end:
......co.uk/. Connolly, S and O’Rourke, D. 2003. ‘Just Oil? The Distribution of Environmental and Social Impacts of Oil Production and Consumption.’ Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, vol. 28, pp. 587-618. Ewelukwa, U. U. 2005. ‘Centuries of Globalization; Centuries of Exclusion: African Women, Human Rights, and the “New” International Trade Regime.’ Berkeley Journal of Gender, Law & Justice, vol. 20, pp. 75-149. Ikelegbe, A. 2001. ‘Civil society, oil and conflict in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria: Ramifications of civil society for a regional resource struggle.’ Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 437-469. MOSOP: Movement for the Survival of Ogoni People. 2007. Retrieved 10 Dec 2009 from http://www.mosop.org.